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The ‘MS Estonia’ accident provides an almost bottomless source of learning far beyond ship design (illustration: SSPA Consortium) The sinking of the MS Estonia ro-ro passenger ferry stands out as one of the most disastrous accidents in modern times. She was the largest Estonian ship of the time as it … In subsequent years, the lobby groups representing the victims’ families have on several occasions demanded a new investigation. The MS Estonia lies at a depth of around 100 meters, about 55 kilometers northwest of the Ristna lighthouse on Hiiumaa, and a somewhat shorter distance south of the Turku archipelago, Finland. Read Estonian World founders appeal here and please consider becoming a supporter. None of the survivors mentioned seeing any other vessel. In fact, the elegant white and blue coloured ferry was seen as one of the symbols of newly found confidence of the young republic that had just regained independence, three year prior. The NATO exercise, which involved 10 NATO … Most of the conspiracy theories focus on the loud bangs many survivors heard approximately half an hour to an hour before MS Estonia sank – and the fact that the ship sank so quickly (in about half an hour), arguing that the ferry of that type should have remained afloat even after capsizing. This allowed water into the vehicle deck, capsizing and ultimately sinking the ship. The wreck's location is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy. Kohtla added the Kurvits, a PPA vessel, has dive robot capabilities which would make it ideal, adding that human divers are really needed for a full picture. [38] Last week, the Estonian prime minister, Jüri Ratas, and foreign minister, Urmas Reinsalu, flew to Helsinki and Stockholm, to discuss the matter with their counterparts. MS Estonia, a 16,000-ton cruise ferry that began serving the Tallinn-Stockholm route in 1993 and was operated by the Swedish-Estonian shipping company, Estline, was the largest ship sailing under the Estonian flag at the time. Read Estonian World founders appeal here and please consider becoming a supporter. In fact, the elegant white and blue coloured ferry was seen as one of the symbols of newly found confidence of the young republic that had just regained independence, three year prior. Of the 989 on board, only 138 were rescued alive (one of whom died later in hospital). According to the released footage, it is not clear whether the hole appeared before or after the ferry sank. The revealing is so upsetting that, for the first time over the years, the Estonian, Swedish and Finnish governments take it seriously. The wreck site is classified as a graveyard, and it is illegal to dive there. In subsequent years, the lobby groups representing the victims’ families have on several occasions demanded a new investigation. The wreck was found in international waters within Finland's Search and Rescue Region, resting on the seabed at a water depth of about 80 m with a heading of 95° and a starboard list of about 120°. The footage, shown in a documentary that premiered in Sweden on 28 September, caused a stir in Estonia and Sweden. The ROV pictures revealed some surprising observations. ... - Survey Report M.V. Purchased by Nordström & Thulin the ferry was chartered out to two different companies and registered in the name of Estonian Shipping Co. in … The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. Sunday, September 28th will mark the 14th anniversary of the sinking of the MS Estonia ferry which sank in a mere 45 minutes in the middle of the Baltic Sea south of the little island of Utö, Finland in a depth of 70 - 80 metres at 1:48 a.m. While the weather at the sea was rough at the time of the disaster – with strong winds and waves of four to six metres (13 to 20 ft) – the ferry was supposedly built to handle the conditions. The MS Estonia sank on September 28th 1994 on a crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm, carrying 989 people on board: It is likely that this styrofoam buoy has been crushed by the high pressure at 80m depth, where the wreck lies, and then returned to the surface 23 years later ; A decision was made to instead sink MS Estonia with torpedoes. MS Estonia‘s sinking simulation. As such, it is the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the RMS Titanic, and the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters, with 852 lives lost. The position of the wreck is 59°22,9´ N, 21°41,0´ E. “If there is new information, we need to look into it and clear up any questions,” the Swedish home affairs minister, Mikael Damberg, said at a press conference on 18 December, according to Reuters. INSIGHTSLive Yes! But in the morning of 28 September 1994, the entire country of Estonia woke up in shock to the news that MS Estonia had sunk in the early hours. For Estonians, it was their very own “Kennedy moment” – everyone who was alive at the time, remembers where they were and what they were doing upon hearing the news. Of them one died in hospital and 92 were found in the water and in liferafts during the rescue operation. ms estonia wreck depthhow to ms estonia wreck depth for Live the 1 last update 2021/01/13 Yes! Most of the conspiracy theories focus on the loud bangs many survivors heard approximately half an hour to an hour before MS Estonia sank – and the fact that the ship sank so quickly (in about half an hour), arguing that the ferry of that type should have remained afloat even after capsising. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. This allowed water into the vehicle deck, capsizing, and ultimately sinking the ship. The team used remotely operated underwater robots and divers to examine and videotape the wreck and the footage revealed a hole, four metres high and 1.2 metres wide, in the ferry’s hull. Writing about the documentary, the Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet said the hole was previously partially hidden in the seabed. INSIGHTS. ESTONIA dated 08.12.94 by Smit Tak B.V., Rotterdam (attached as Enclosure 27.410). ms estonia wreck depthhow to ms estonia wreck depth for Share your experience in a 10-minute assessment to be among those changing the future of arthritis. Until the named documentary, the Estonian, Swedish and Finnish governments always turned a deaf ear. Their footage revealed four metres high and 1,2 metres wide hole in the ferry’s hull, on the starboard side – that until now, has never been mentioned or documented. Cover: An illustration of MS Estonia. Esa Mäkela, the captain of Silja Europa – a passenger ferry that first answered to MS Estonia’s Mayday call and subsequently led the on-scene rescue effort – later described the weather as a typical autumn storm in the Baltic Sea. Sweden’s government decision follows the screening of a new footage that revealed a wide hole in the ferry’s hull, on the starboard side. As always with big disasters, conspiracy theories that questioned the official report, followed – from an explosion onboard the ferry to a collision with an unidentified submarine. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. The tragedy claimed 852 lives and the wreck was declared a marine graveyard. A team led by the Swedish author and journalist, Henrik Evertsson (who, as a Swedish citizen, is now facing an investigation in his country for violating the sanctity of the disaster site), used remotely operated underwater robots and divers from a Norwegian company, Rockwater, to examine and videotape the wreck for the documentary. Until the revelation, the hole had not publicly been mentioned or documented. NATO's "Search & Rescue" Exercise Although it is seldom mentioned, the Estonia catastrophe occurred on the first day of a 10-day NATO naval exercise called Cooperative Venture 94, in which more than 15 ships and "a number of maritime aircraft" were prepared to conduct "humanitarian and search and rescue operations" in nearby waters. At first glance, the sinking seems to have been triggered by a single … He has previously studied journalism at the University of Tartu, and politics and society at the Birkbeck College, University of London. The first official diving operation reached the MS Estonia at 70-90 meters depth four days after the sinking. Source: Der Spiegel/Hamburg Ship Model Basin, Hamburg University of Technology. The wreck was found in international waters within Finland's Search and Rescue Region, resting on the seabed at a water depth of about 80 m. The visor was missing and the ramp partly open. MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 AM EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. For Estonians, it was their very own “Kennedy moment” – everyone who was alive at the time, remembers where they were and what they were doing upon hearing the news. MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. Previously servicing under the registry of three different names such as M/S Viking Sally (1980 – 1990), MS Silja Star (1990 – 1991), and MS Wasa King (1991 – 1993), M/S Estonia was a cruise ferry built in 1980 at the German shipyard Meyer Werft in Papenburg.In 1993, it was bought by EstLine Marine Co. Ltd. and changed name as M/S Estonia. Of the 989 on board, only 138 were rescued alive (one of whom died later in hospital). Silver Tambur is the cofounder and Editor-in-Chief of Estonian World. What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. Most of the passengers were Swedish, although some were of Estonian origin, while most of the crew members … But in the morning of 28 September, the entire country of Estonia woke up in shock to the news that MS Estonia had sunk in the early hours. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. That has allowed divers and documentary makers from other countries to conduct private investigations – and a new documentary that premieres in Sweden on 28 September, is causing a biggest stir to the official report yet. The PPA's diving robot is usually used in inland waterways, primarily to search for dead bodies. With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe's most severe passenger ferry disaster. On 28 September, Ratas and Reinsalu gave a press conference in Tallinn where they announced that “a new technical investigation” must be carried out. Damberg also said the Swedish government hoped to amend the law designating the site of the disaster as a maritime memorial in 2021 – in 1995, a treaty was agreed by Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declaring sanctity over the disaster site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck of MS Estonia. Fatalities. The MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea off Finland on September 28, 1994, after the ship’s bow door locks failed during a storm, prompting the vessel to capsize within moments as hundreds of its passengers were left trapped. Estonian World is in a dire need of your support. MS Estonia Sweden: 28 September 1994 A Swedish cruise ferry that sank during a storm, claiming 852 lives. In addition, the divers had to inspect and record on video tapes the … Estonian World is in a dire need of your support. Mendel, The site is in … The prime minister said the “technical investigation”, led by Estonia, should include underwater observations and that the Finnish and Swedish governments have been “informed”. You can also follow him on. As always with big disasters, conspiracy theories that questioned the official report, followed – from an explosion onboard the ferry to a collision with an unidentified submarine. The treaty is, however, only binding for citizens of the countries that are signatories. The MS Estonia sank on September 28th 1994 on a crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm, carrying 989 people on board: It is likely that this styrofoam buoy has been crushed by the high pressure at 80m depth, where the wreck lies, and then returned to the surface 23 years later ; A decision was made to instead sink MS Estonia with torpedoes. Silver Tambur is the cofounder and Editor-in-Chief of Estonian World. The Estonia disaster occurred on Wednesday, 28 September 1994, between about 00:55 and 01:50 (UTC+2) as the ship was crossing the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn, Estonia, to Stockholm, Sweden. MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 AM EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. Most of the victims were Swedes (501), followed by Estonians (285). Estonia departed slightly behind schedule at 19:15 on 27 September and had been expected in Stockholm the next morning at about 09:00. The ship sank in the Baltic Sea while on a scheduled crossing, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, where she had been expected in the morning. The ship sank in the Baltic Sea while on a scheduled crossing, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, where she had been expected in the morning. The visor was ’officially’ found 1,560 metres west of the wreck on 18 … In the early hours of 28th September 1994, the MS Estonia, a car, and passenger ferry, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea off Finland’s coast. According to survivor accounts, the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees. Wreck diving as a sport has a long pedigree, with the SS Andrea Doria, an Italian liner which sank in 1956 to an initial depth of around 50 meters in U.S. waters, as a particularly prized focus. Rescue effort. The documentary was made by a team led by the Swedish author and journalist, Henrik Evertsson. Some experts have already ruled out an explosion, but others say it could have been caused by a collision. The sinking of the MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea remains the deadliest peacetime shipwreck in European waters for centuries. From 1st to 4th December 1994 the wreck was examined by divers from Rockwater A/S Stavanger and by ROVs from Smit Tak, Rotterdam (parent company of Rockwater A/S) apparently contracted by the Swedish Sjöfarts-verket. The disaster is considered Europe’s second-deadliest peacetime sinking after that of the RMS Titanic. What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. You can also follow him on. Silver has been the editor at the Estonian Public Broadcasting’s news service in English, as well as contributing for the Business Sense magazine in the UK, Deutsche Welle and Radio New Zealand. ms estonia wreck depth The late stage of reactive arthritis is considered chronic. 137 people managed to survive in the catastrophe, 852 died. In 1995, a treaty was agreed by Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Denmark, Russia and the United Kingdom, declaring sanctity over the disaster site, prohibiting their citizens from even approaching the wreck of MS Estonia. MS Estonia disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around 01:50 EEST in international waters, about 22 nautical miles (41 kilometres) from the Finnish island of Utö. Chronic reactive arthritis may require treatment with a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (sometimes called a DMARD) such as sulfasalazine or methotrexate.Reactive arthritis is a general term for a form of joint inflammation (arthritis) that develops as a "reaction" to an infection in another area of the body (i.e., outside of the … He has previously studied journalism at the University of Tartu, and politics and society at the Birkbeck College, University of London. The official disaster report said the fatal event started when the locks on the ferry’s bow door failed from the strain of the waves and the door separated from the rest of the vessel, pulling the ramp behind it ajar. The visor was missing and the ramp partly open. 852 persons lost their lives when Estonia sank. MS Estonia Catastrophe. Most of the victims were Swedes (501), followed by Estonians (285). The Estonia disaster occurred on Wednesday, 28 September 1994, between about 00:55 to 02:03 (UTC+2) as the ship was crossing the Baltic Sea, en route from Tallinn to Stockholm. Image by Blue Star Line/YouTube. Converting that to meters and you get 3800 meters. Military shipments confirmed Recent revelations in the Swedish mass media that the ferry was being used to smuggle Soviet military technology have confirmed long-held suspicions that the unexplained sinking of Estonia may have been connected to a secret space weapons cargo it was carrying. MV Goya Nazi Germany: 16 April 1945 A German transport ship torpedoed by L-3, with thousands of German civilians and wounded soldiers on board. Model of MS Estonia from Swedish Maritime Museum Size comparison between the MS Estonia, a human, a car, a bus, ... on bearing 157° from Utö island, Finland, to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. Titanic is interesting as her wreck is located 12,500 ft below sea level. As such, it is the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the RMS Titanic, and the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have occurred in European waters, with 852 lives lost. So far, the Estonian, Swedish and Finnish governments have turned a deaf ear, prompting accusations they lack transparency when it comes to MS Estonia. The Estonia lies at a depth of 80 to 85 meters." MS Estonia, a 16,000-ton cruise ferry that began serving the Tallinn-Stockholm route in 1993 and was operated by the Swedish-Estonian shipping company, Estline, was the largest ship sailing under the Estonian flag at the time. In his analysis of the MS Estonia conspiracy narrative, in 2006 Asard identified four recurring traits: a suspicious hesitancy from the side of government officials to document the damage of the wreck and to recover its load; a preoccupation with technical details or a “mania for detail” typical for the conspiracist mindset; the description of an undefined “other” — government, state actors, … Jorgen Amdahl, a professor of marine technology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, said in the documentary that “it is not ruled out the damage played a big role in the sinking”. The wreck lies in soft mud at a depth of between 60-80 meters. What made it headline news around the world was the huge loss of life. The disaster is considered Europeâ s second-deadliest peacetime sinking after that of the RMS Titanic. 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